What are the routes of drug administration explain?

Route Explanation
intravenous injected into a vein or into an IV line
nasal given into the nose by spray or pump
ophthalmic given into the eye by drops, gel, or ointment
oral swallowed by mouth as a tablet, capsule, lozenge, or liquid

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

  • Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. …
  • Injection routes. Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: …
  • Sublingual and buccal routes. …
  • Rectal route. …
  • Vaginal route. …
  • Ocular route. …
  • Otic route. …
  • Nasal route.

What are the main routes of drug administration?

  • Oral administration. This is the most frequently used route of drug administration and is the most convenient and economic. …
  • Sublingual. …
  • Rectal administration. …
  • Topical administration. …
  • Parenteral administration. …
  • Intravenous injection.
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19 нояб. 2007 г.

What do you mean by route of drug administration?

A route of administration in pharmacology and toxicology is the path by which a drug, fluid, poison, or other substance is taken into the body. Routes of administration are generally classified by the location at which the substance is applied. Common examples include oral and intravenous administration.

Why are there different routes of drug administration?

Other routes of administration are required when the oral route cannot be used, for example: When a person cannot take anything by mouth. When a drug must be administered rapidly or in a precise or very high dose. When a drug is poorly or erratically absorbed from the digestive tract.

What are the six routes of administration?

Practice the six rights of medication administration

  • Right client.
  • Right route.
  • Right drug.
  • Right dose.
  • Right time.

12 авг. 2019 г.

What is the slowest route of medication administration?

Swallowing a drug is a relatively slow method of taking a drug. After the drug is swallowed, it is dissolved in the stomach and then absorbed into the bloodstream from the linings of the stomach and later, the small intestine.

What are the 4 basic rules for medication administration?

The “rights” of medication administration include right patient, right drug, right time, right route, and right dose. These rights are critical for nurses.

What are the 4 enteral routes of administration?

Oral, buccal, sublingual, and rectal are the most common enteral routes of administration.

What is the fastest route of absorption for a drug?

The fastest route of absorption is inhalation, and not as mistakenly considered the intravenous administration. Absorption is a primary focus in drug development and medicinal chemistry, since a drug must be absorbed before any medicinal effects can take place.

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How many routes of drug administration are there?


For small therapeutic molecules, various routes for drug administration are parenteral (intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous), oral, nasal, ocular, transmucosal (buccal, vaginal, and rectal), and transdermal.

Is medication a route?

Intra-Arterial Chemotherapy

Intra-arterial (IA) chemotherapy is a form of regional delivery to brain tumors, designed to enhance the intra-tumoral concentrations of a given drug, in comparison to the intravenous route.

What mean drugs?

A drug is any substance (with the exception of food and water) which, when taken into the body, alters the body’s function either physically and/or psychologically. Drugs may be legal (e.g. alcohol, caffeine and tobacco) or illegal (e.g. cannabis, ecstasy, cocaine and heroin).

What is the safest route of drug administration?

1. The oral route of administration is the safest, most economical and the most convenient way of giving medicines. The dosage forms of the oral route include Tablets, Capsules, Powders, Mixtures, Emulsions and Gels. Most drugs are absorbed from small intestine but some are absorbed from stomach and colon.

What are the 5 basic principles for administering medication?

One of the recommendations to reduce medication errors and harm is to use the “five rights”: the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right route, and the right time.

What is difference between enteral and parenteral routes of administration?

What do Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition Refer To? Enteral nutrition generally refers to any method of feeding that uses the gastrointestinal (GI) tract to deliver part or all of a person’s caloric requirements. … Parenteral nutrition refers to the delivery of calories and nutrients into a vein.

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